Foods Indigenous to the Western Hemisphere

***This is NOT an exhaustive list!

Fruit:

Agave
American plum
Atemoya
Avocado
Beach plum
Concord grape
Black Cherry
Black raspberry
Blueberry
Buffaloberry
Cacao
Cactus pear
Calabash
Cape gooseberry
Cassabanana
Cayenne pepper

Ceriman
Chayote
Cherimoya
Chiltepin pepper
Chokecherries
Concorde grape
Cranberry
Currants and Gooseberries
Custard apple
Feijoa
Giant Granadillas
Grapefruit
GuanĂ¡bana
Guava
Habanero pepper
Hackberry
Huckleberry
Jackfruit
Jalapeno pepper
Mamey sapote
Naranjilla
Olive
Papaya
Passion fruit
Pawpaw
Pepino
Persimmons
Pimento pepper

Pin cherry
Pineapple
Prickly pear cactus
Raspberries
Serviceberry
Silverberry
Soapberry
Squawberry
Vanilla


Moncot:

Arrowhead
Arrowroot
Blue Camas

Algae:

Giant Kelp
spirulina

Asteraceae:

Jerusalem Artichoke
Sunflower

Sumac:

Sumac

Vegetables:

Bell peppers
Butternut
Catawba grape
Ceriman
Chayote
Cholla

Corn
Green beans
Huitlacoche
Jicama
Kidney beans
Haricot beans
Lima beans
Manioc
Milkweed
Oca
Onions
Pigweed
Pin cherry
Pokeweed
Potato
prairie turnip
Pumpkins
Ramp
Rose hips
Rum cherry
Saguaro fruit
Sapodilla
Sassafras
Sassaparilla
Scarlet runner beans
Snap beans
Spice bush
Spring Beauty
Squash
Strawberry
Sugar apple
Sunflower
Sweet potato
Tamarillo
Tarwi
Tepary beans
Tomatillo
Tomato
White sapote
Winter squash
Wild Mustard
Yellow wax beans
Prickly pear cactus
String beans
Zucchini

 

LOOK:::

Foods of the Great Lakes Region: see Decolonizing Diet Project's master list

Meats:

Alligators
Antelope
Axolotls
Bears
Beavers
Bison
Brill
Caribou
Carp
Catfish
Clams
Cranes
Crayfish
Deer
Ducks
Eel
Elk
Foxes
Frogs
Goose
Grouse
Grasshoppers
Guanaco
Guinea pig
Hares
Herons
Herring
Iguana
Larks
Llama
Lynxes
Maguey slug
Martins
Mink
Moose
Muskrats
Mussels
Newts
Otters
Oysters
Panther
Pike
Porcupines
Prairie chickens
Prairie dogs
Ptarigans
Quail
Rabbits
Raccoons
Rattlesnakes
Salamanders
Salmon
Scallop
Seals
Shad
Skunk
Smelt
Snail
Sturgeon
Tadpoles
Trout
Turkey
Turtles
Walrus
Whales
Wildcats
Wolves

Grains:

Amaranth
Cassava

Pigweed
Quinoa
Rice (brown)
Rice (wild)

Sweets:

Black birch
Melipona Honey
Maple syrup

Spice:

achiote
avocado leaf
epazote
hoja santa
popcorn flower
Vanilla


Nuts:
Butternut
Black walnut
Brazil nut
Hickory nut
Macadamia nut
Pecan nut
Pine nut
Pinon
nut

Pinon Root:

Malanga

Legume:


Black bean Peanuts
Hopniss
Mesquite bean
Screwbean
Tepary bean


Wetland Plants:

Cattail
Bulrush
Pickerelweed
Water Plantain


Grasses:

Indian Ricegrass
Wild Rice

Drinks:

Pulque


For information and descriptions of foods, check out these links:
Foodreference.com: The Food Reference Website at http://www.foodreference.com/index.html
About.com
http://homecooking.about.com/library/index/blazindex.htm
The Food Timeline:
http://www.foodtimeline.org/

There are thousands of books that focus on food history. Here are some links that list many of them:
FoodReferencecom.-Culinary History Books:
http://www.foodreference.com/html/shopbookhistory.html

BestBookBuys:
http://www.bestwebbuys.com/Cooking-History-N_10006384-books.html

Google:
http://books.google.com/books?q=books+on+history+of+foods&source=citation&sa=X&oi=print&ct=title&cad=bottom-3results&hl=en

Alice Statler Library:
http://www.ccsf.edu/Library/alice/subjguides/foodhistory.html